Introduction To Corrections – cja234 (3 credits)

This course is an introduction to the various components of the corrections system within the criminal justice system. It provides an overview of corrections, including corrections history, the persons, agencies, and organizations that manage convicted offenders. Other topics that are covered include policy and procedure, sentencing, probation, and rehabilitations of prisoners.

This undergraduate-level course is 5 weeks. This course is available to take individually or as part of a degree or certificate program. To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Representative.


  • Compare how state and federal prisoners differ.
  • Classify the background of male and female prisoners.
  • Compare how jail and prison inmates differ.
  • Examine the extent and nature of prison violence.
  • Identify the needs of special, juvenile, mentally ill and substance abusing prisoners.
  • Evaluate alternatives to litigation.
  • Analyze the evolution and perspectives of prison life.

Correctional Systems

  • Describe the jail’s place in corrections and its role throughout history.
  • Identify problems within jails.
  • Explain the reasons for the growth of state prison systems.
  • Examine the differing security levels in state and federal institutions.
  • Describe the history of state and federal prisons.

Correctional Policy & Procedures

  • Define the prison warden’s role today.
  • Analyze the principal objectives of punishment.
  • Assess the impact of sentencing on corrections.
  • Identify the influence of the prison environment on management and custody.
  • Describe the methods of secure custody in prison.
  • Discern the trends in corrections officer professionalization and the accreditation movement in corrections.
  • Define prison privatization.

Correctional Alternatives

  • Define the origins of rehabilitation in prison.
  • Describe parole and other options for getting out of prison.
  • Critique parole and mandatory release today.
  • Examine probation as a sentence and process.
  • Identify the options available under community corrections.
  • Describe how other nations view the use of imprisonment.

History and Development of Corrections

  • Identify the forms of punishment most often used in societies throughout the 1700’s.
  • Compare and contrast prisons during and after World War II.
  • Examine the penitentiary ideal.
  • Examine the move toward separate prisons for women and juveniles.
  • Compare the two contrasting models of American Prisons.
  • Describe the rise and fall of labor in prison.

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